Skin Texture | Blackheads & Whiteheads

A blackhead is an overactive oil gland that’s clogged with sebum, dead skin cells, tiny hair strands and sometimes bacteria, that combine to make a plug. Light and air contact at the opening of the pore oxidizing it, turning it black. Hence, the name ‘blackhead’.

Whiteheads are follicles that are essentially clogged with the same constituents of blackheads. However, they do not turn black as they have only a small, microscopic opening to the skin surface. Since air doesn’t come in contact with the inner components, oxidization does not take place hence retaining the white colour.

What causes blackheads and whiteheads?

  • Hormonal changes, particularly during puberty, pregnancy and menstrual cycles, can cause the sebaceous glands beneath the skin to produce excess oil. This excess oil tend to clog your pores forming blackheads.
  • Many skin products can clog pores and add oil to the skin. Cosmetics can be particularly oily, and people who use them frequently may be more prone to breakouts. Look for products labeled ‘non-comedogenic,’ meaning that they do not clog pores.
  • Excessive perspiration can also be a factor, particularly if you spend a lot of time in a
    humid environment. The excess sweat absorbs into your pores and hair follicles, leading to breakouts.

Treatment recommendations for blackheads and whiteheads

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